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ALL ABOUT MS Nutrition (Part 20)

ALL ABOUT MS Nutrition (Part 20)

Consideration of nutrition and multiple sclerosis has two aspects. Nutrition, along with other factors, is important for the very appearance of the disease, or for its aetiology. On the other hand, when the disease has already been shown, proper nutrition significantly improves the quality of life of patients. The study of nutrition is associated with certain methodological problems, and the results of different types of studies are often in mutual contradiction. But despite these constraints, nutrition is today in the focus of interest of a large number of researchers, because a good knowledge of its effects on health and disease provides great opportunities for disease prevention and deterioration.

The importance of nutrition for the emergence of multiple sclerosis
Epidemiological studies have shown that the risk of multiple sclerosis is associated with increased intake of animal fats and foods rich in saturated fatty acids and the poor unsaturated. Unsaturated fatty acids, such as linoleic, are immunosuppressive. In some studies, the association of high-calorie foods, especially during the childhood, was found to be associated with the disease. It is assumed that this type of diet is one of the determining factors that influence the changes in the body's immune system. It is particularly disadvantageous if there is imbalance between saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, which can lead to increased susceptibility to agents that encourage demyelination. In contrast, diets rich in unsaturated fatty acids (fish, fruits and vegetables) reduce the risk of disease. The protective effect of fruits and vegetables is explained by the antioxidant effect of vitamins and minerals.

The effect of nutrition on the course of the disease
The beneficial effects of some food components have been observed in people who have a clinically manifested form of multiple sclerosis. Preliminary studies have shown that polyunsaturated fatty acids omega 6 found in fish oil affect the development of the disease. Their beneficial effect is further stimulated by the omega 3 fatty acids. However, these encouraging results require confirmation, that is, it is necessary to check them in studies involving a large number of patients and a long track record.
Given all the facts listed, the question arises as to whether a person with multiple sclerosis needs to be fed. The most accurate answer is: hello, or exactly the same as a person who does not have this disease.

Recommendations of the World Health Organization for Healthy Nutrition
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Healthy nutrition is a condition for a good quality of life and has its own rules. According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, it involves the implementation of diverse nutrition with a higher proportion of foods of plant and animal origin, the consumption of bread, cereals, pasta, rice and potatoes several times a day, consuming at least 400 grams of fresh fruit and vegetables daily divided into five meals, body weight at the recommended limits (BMI - Body Mass Index 20-25), control of fat intake because they should not account for more than 30% of the energy needs of the body, replacement of saturated fatty acids with unsaturated and used (oregano, sour milk, yoghurt and cheese) with a minimum fat content (1%) and salt, avoiding sweets and beverages with high sugar content , avoiding very salty foods (the daily intake of kitchen salt should not exceed 6 g), limiting alcoholic beverages to two glasses a day, and preparing food in a healthy way (steaming or baking can help keep the food extra fat). It is recommended to have breakfast together with fruit juice (preferably from reared fruit) before or during breakfast, limiting the size of the portion and doing at least five smaller meals a day), consuming delicacies (ice cream, cookies) with low fat content or without fat and fruit consumption. From the so-called. "Fast" food is better to take grilled chicken than a sandwich with meat products and fatty cheese. It is important to take a large amount of fluid, especially water every day (6-8 glasses).

Food should be supplemented with certain vitamins and minerals. It is daily enough to insert a single effervescent multivitamin tablet along 1000 mg vitamin C and 400 IJ vitamin E. It is also recommended to use omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids.


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